- Introduction to the Markets
- Investing Basics
- Researching & Managing Investments
- Working With Brokers and Investment Advisers
- Investing on Your Own
- Researching Investments
- Shareholder Voting
- How do I know when to vote?
- How do I vote at a corporate election?
- What are the mechanics of voting either in person or by proxy?
- What is a “registered” owner? What is a “beneficial” owner?
- What is the difference between registered and beneficial owners when voting on corporate matters?
- What is new in 2012?
- Employment to Retirement
- Life Events
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What is the difference between registered and beneficial owners when voting on corporate matters?
Registered owners (or record holders) receive a proxy and cast votes directly with the company that issues the shares. Beneficial owners, on the other hand, receive a “voting instruction form” directing their brokerage firm or other financial institution how to vote their shares. The brokerage firm (or bank or custodian) casts your proxy vote with the company after receiving instructions from you.